In early 2000s, internet-powered payment systems (RTGS, NEFT, etc.) were introduced. With smartphones witnessing a massive surge in popularity, the next step in the evolution of payments happened – mobile payment platforms and digital wallets. This new kind of financial infrastructure is one in which customers are far more involved and integral than they were in the bank-centric times. Software giants like google and consumer electronics manufacturers like samsung have started competing with the likes of traditional banking and financial organizations. As part of the ‘Digital India’ campaign, the government aims to create a ‘digitally empowered’ economy. There are various types and modes of digital payments. Some of these include the use of debit/credit cards, internet banking, mobile wallets, digital payment apps, Unified Payments Interface (UPI) service and more. Digital payment methods are convenient and a good alternative to traditional payment methods and provide customers the flexibility to make payments from anywhere and at any time. There is no need for cash and cheques in this type of payment method and speeds up transaction cycles. There are ten types of digital payment methods in India:
- Banking cards
- Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS)
- Mobile Wallets
- Bank pre-paid cards
- Point of Sale (PoS)
- Internet Banking
- Mobile Banking
- Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) app
Paytm, which is the largest Indian mobile payment wallet with more than 100 million users, saw app downloads going up by three times and payments for offline transactions by five times in the first two days following the government’s move on demonetization. Mobikwik with its 35 million customers saw a 100% increase in customer numbers as well. HDFC’s Chillr mobile payment app has seen a growth of 30% in app usage and a 50% increase in downloads. PayU digital wallet also experienced a rise in wallet loads. There has also been a surge in retail merchant enrolments to E-Wallet services. Digital wallet Freecharge has seen a 10 fold increase in the number of retail merchant signups during recent times.
Benefits of digital payments include:
- Access to digital records of transactions.
- It is faster easier and more convenient.
- Attractive offers such as waivers, discounts and cashbacks.
- It is more economical with lesser transactions fee.
- It provides a one stop solution for paying bills.
- It is a hassle-free and secure way to make payments.
Adoption of technologies like NFC is also making it easier for merchants and businesses to accept digital payments. Technology has played a vital role in creating a positive framework, and new bank regulations have paved the way for inclusive banking. With whatsapp integrating payments option, digital payments will witness further growth in the country.
After demonetization, the government has been pushing digital payments among users in India. Whatsapp has reportedly started testing its payments feature in here. It is currently available for select beta users on android and iOS. This new feature will enable users to send and receive money using the Indian government’s Unified Payments Interface (UPI) standard.
What is UPI? It is an instant real-time payment system developed by National Payments Corporation of India facilitating inter-bank transactions. It is built over Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) for transferring funds. Other popular UPI based payments include Tez, BHIM, Phonepe, Paytm, SBI Pay and much more. Users can send and receive money directly from their bank account just by entering the VPA, without the need for knowing the recipient’s name, bank name, account number, IFSC code and other details.
Considering the popularity and large user base of Whatsapp, this new feature will probably give a boost to digital payments in the country. It is supposedly available on WhatsApp version 2.18.21 for iOS devices and version 2.18.41 for Android devices. Apparently, this feature can be accessed through the attachments menu in the chat window. Choosing the payments option in the attachments menu will show a popup with the disclaimer and list of banks to choose from.
Like all other digital payments apps, Whatsapp payments will also have to incorporate high level of security to ensure that user information is safe. It remains to be seen if whatsapp payments is going to offer anything different from its competitors and become a game changer for digital payments in India.
In the age of digital transformation, Artificial Intelligence (AI) will have a huge impact on businesses and on society as well. Humans have reached a point where biological evolution can’t keep up with the pace of change. The world has become far complex than our brains can handle.
Nowadays, aspects like economics, politics, culture, outcome of wars that change history and much more are all driven by technology. The human brain can’t help but misconstrue about every possible stimulus in our daily lives. This is where AI comes in and brings about a paradigm shift in the way we perceive the world and everything that happens in it. AI will bring about one of the biggest technological revolutions in history.
As technology and our understanding of how our minds work has progressed over time, our concept of what constitutes AI has changed too. AI devices are classified into two fundamental groups. Systems such as those designed to trade stocks, navigate autonomous vehicles and other similar applications fall under the Applied AI category. Systems that have led to the development of concepts like Machine Learning belong to the Generalized AI category.
One of the ways to create Artificial Intelligence is through Machine Learning (ML). It is dynamic and does not require human intervention to make changes, making it less susceptible to human errors. Neural networks, which is designed to classify information the same way the human brain does has been key to teaching computers to think like we do. Based on the data fed to it, these networks will be able to take decisions and make predictions with a degree of certainty.
Natural Language Processing (NLP) is another field of AI that is heavily reliant on Machine Learning. It helps machines understand the vast complexity of human language and respond in a way that is comprehensible by the audience. Industries in all sectors, right from healthcare to banking and manufacturing can use AI to automate a number of tasks.
Much of the progress we have seen in the recent years is thanks to changes in how we perceive AI working, which has been brought about by Machine Learning. Deep Learning (DI) is another field that is a subset of Machine Learning. It refers to the number of layers in a neural network.
Something that has been treated by technologists as an inevitability is the fact that we will eventually develop a human-like AI that will play a major part in shaping the future.